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'Frankenfish' or a Way to Feed Us All?

'Frankenfish' or a Way to Feed Us All?


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This is one in a series of stories; visit The Daily Meal Special Report: GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) for more.

From ethical and ecological concerns to health issues and economic factors, the questions around genetic modification of farmed fish are swimming in debate. Genetically modified fish are those that have had their DNA scientifically modified to introduce new traits or amplify existing ones. GMO fish have the ability to resist certain diseases, are tolerant to higher or lower temperatures than their natural counterparts would be, and typically grow faster than wild or conventionally farmed fish. This brings profitable fish to market in less time, which in turn brings money into the pockets of the corporations behind the science.

There are currently at least 35 species of fish being genetically engineered, including such popular species as trout, catfish, tilapia, striped bass, flounder, and salmon. AquaBounty Technologies, the world’s leading aquaculture biotechnology company, is working to achieve commercial approval from the FDA of their trademarked AquAdvantage Salmon, which is a farmed Atlantic salmon that has been genetically engineered to grow to market size twice as fast as natural salmon.

Everybody knows that wild fish stocks are being depleted around the world even as we are being counseled to eat more seafood for our health, and apologists for genetically engineered fish argue that these creatures — dubbed "Frankenfish" by some critics — could be a way to supply an ever-growing demand for fish while helping safeguard the marine environment. While there may be something to this argument, it doesn’t take into consideration the survival and preservation of wild fish, or to the potentially harmful effects on those who eat the GMO variety.

What are the environmental concerns around genetically engineered fish? Like with any farmed animal, GE fish have the potential to escape from their land-based tanks or ocean-based net pens. Every year, millions of farmed fish escape into open waters and interbreed with wild fish, potentially polluting the natural genetic pool, and possibly leading to the extinction of the natural species. The release of pesticides and environmental chemicals, as well as the potential for parasitic transmission, are other concerns. AquaBounty has stated that they will only produce sterile female fish, which they say will eliminate the threat to wild salmon — but according to data submitted to the FDA by the company, they have not achieved full sterilization, and up to 5 percent of their eggs may not be sterile.

In addition, if male GE fish were to escape, they could succeed in breeding and passing their genes along to wild fish. Research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science notes that a release of just 60 GE fish into a wild population of 60,000 would lead to the extinction of the wild population in fewer than 40 fish generations.

As of now, AquaBounty farm their fish near Canada's Prince Edward Island, within close proximity to Atlantic salmon and 22 rivers containing wild fish. In the FDA’s Environmental Assessment Draft of AquaBounty Salmon, they stated, ''We have…made the conservative assumption herein that AquAdvantage broodstock would be able to survive in estuarine or marine salinity conditions should they escape or be released.'' GE fish would not only survive, but cause a serious strain on the ecosystem. Escaped GE fish would also cause a negative effect on biodiversity. The transgenic population of fish can result in what scientists call the “Trojan gene” effect, which is when GE fish breed with native populations causing genetic alterations to be increasingly passed on to wild offspring.

Beyond the environmental concerns surrounding genetically engineered fish, there is limited data made available about the food safety issues as well. For example, GE fish also have higher level of allergy-producing compounds, meaning these kinds of fish may be a greater allergy threat to human consumers. Omega-3 levels are much lower in GE fish, which should be of interest to people looking to gain health benefits found in fish. GE fish have high levels of the insulin growth hormone (IGF – 1), the long-term health impacts of which are unknown. There are many antibiotics used in GE fish to control disease that may impact human health. Conventionally farmed fish already have higher amounts of antibiotics, and GE fish have even higher amounts. Whatever the advantages of GE fish might turn out to be, it seems clear that we don't yet know as much as we need to know about their potential effects on the environment and our health.

Emily Jacobs is the Recipe editor at The Daily Meal. Follow her on Twitter @EmilyRecipes.


Woman Tried Feeding Remains of Husband's Ex-Girlfriend to Alligators After Couple Murdered Her

A North Carolina woman was convicted last week of helping her husband get rid of his ex-girlfriend’s dismembered body — first by trying to dissolve the remains in acid, then by throwing them into a Texas creek in the hopes alligators would eat them.

Amanda Perry Hayes, 46, was convicted of tampering with evidence, according to a press release from Fort Bend County prosecutors in Texas.

She and husband Grant Hayes had already been convicted of second- and first-degree murder, respectfully, in the 2011 death of Grant’s ex, Laura Ackerson, the release states. The couple killed Ackerson in their apartment in Raleigh, North Carolina, before cutting up her body and transporting it in coolers to Hayes’ sister’s home in Richmond, Texas.

Once Ackerson’s body was in Richmond, the couple tried to use muriatic acid to destroy it. They then took it on a boat onto Oyster Creek and 𠇍umped Laura’s body parts into the water with hopes that alligators would eat her remains.”

At trial, Amanda Hayes testified she didn’t kill Ackerson and only helped dispose of her body because her husband threatened to kill her. The jury deliberated for about 90 minutes before rejecting her defense with their guilty verdict, the release states.

Prosecutor Amanda Bolin tells PEOPLE Amanda Hayes had admitted on the stand that she had never been physically abused by her husband, though Bolin says, “There’s evidence that Grant Hayes is a violent person and that he𠆝 been violent with Laura [Ackerson].”


Monchie, a 3-year-old Pomeranian

We feed Monchie a homemade diet consisting of 50% lean protein (like white meat or white fish) and 50% fresh chopped vegetables (like spinach, kale, green beans, broccoli, cauliflower, or brussels sprouts). Vegetables can be raw or lightly steamed or blanched, depending on your dog's preference. We change up the ingredients depending on what&rsquos in our fridge.

With homemade diets, a comprehensive vitamin mineral supplement is essential. So we add a supplement called PAAWS to balance out the homemade meals.

Feeding dogs a balanced homemade diet is a big step up from commercial food, and it&rsquos fairly straightforward. You want to aim for a mix of ⅓ lean protein, ⅓ long-acting carbs such as rice, and ⅓ vegetables. For dogs who need to lose weight, or if you&rsquore concerned about allergies, cut out the carbs and feed your pooch a mix of ½ lean protein and ½ green veggies. The veggies won&rsquot cause diarrhea or gas.
&mdashCarol Osborne, DVM, founder of Chagrin Falls Pet Clinic


The ABCs of Fertilizing Containers

For thriving outdoor flower pots and especially vegetable containers, a continuous supply of nutrients and fertilizer is an absolute must. I learned the hard way as a novice gardener. Here’s how to fertilize your containers.

The Importance of Nutrients

My containers filled with petunias, salvia, lettuces, and tomatoes looked awful, especially when compared to those I planted in the ground later. I was starving the container plants, because I didn’t replace nutrients that were leached out of the potting mix every time I watered. Unlike plants in the ground which have roots to seek out additional nutrients, container plants are effectively quarantined from the nutrients, fungi, and bacteria naturally found in soil.

If you’re going to grow plants in containers, you’re also going to need to lend a helping hand. Plants exhaust the available nutrients in containers within about six weeks, even if you’re using a high-quality potting soil or compost.

Sure, you can sprinkle in some fertilizer pellets, as you might do with vegetables grown in the ground. But even that won’t be enough for some container plants, especially tomatoes and other big feeders. A regular liquid feed is best. You can buy liquid feeds or make your own. Diluted with water, they provide a shot of extra nutrients that ensures plants continue to grow well and be productive.

See how to fertilize containers below.

My 3-Step Container Fertilizer Program

Now I use this three-step fertilizer program, and my container gardens flourish. Be sure to fertilize…

1. When you are filling your containers with potting mix.

When you are starting out, incorporate fertilizer pellets into your potting mix. (If the potting mix contains fertilizer, skip this step.) You want “slow-release” fertilizer pellets which are coated with a polymer that let them dissolve at varied rates the thicker the coating, the long it takes for the fertilizer in pellets to be released into the potting mix. Most brands feed plants for at least 60 days, and some supply a steady stream of nutrients for up to 120 days. Check the label on any product you buy for this information.

Slow-release food is also available in organic form. Fish meal pellets are formulated similarly to synthetic fertilizers. Cotton seed meal, feather meal and alfalfa pellets are other slow-release organic choices. All feed plants for about 60 days. The alfalfa also contains a hormone, triacontanol, which promotes plant growth.

2. As your plants grow.

Apply a water-soluble (liquid) fertilizer to supplement the slow-release fertilizer. Water-soluble ones deliver nutrients directly to plant roots and are easy to apply. Just dissolve them in water and pour the liquid into the container for a nutritional boost. Follow package directions for dilution rates and the amount of fertilizer to use on each container.

If you are buying liquid fertlizer, there are many types on the market. You want an equal ratio of “N-P-K” (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium), which are the three nutrients that plants need most of. However, for plants such as tomatoes and peppers and other fruiting plants, choose a liquid fertilizer with a higher K number.

Organic choices such as fish meal emulsion and liquid kelp work well, too. In fact, some plants like ferns and lettuce respond better to organic products than to synthetic fertilizers.

I like to use a liquid feed made from seaweed. I water all my vegetables with a dilute seaweed feed about once a month. Fruiting vegetables will need a tomato feed weekly (alternating with the seaweed feed once a month). Fertilize throughout the growing season from spring until late summer.

Note: There are some container plants which really do not need to be fed as they grow. Cut-and-come-again lettuces or other salad leaves don’t typically need a regular feed. Herbs shouldn’t need to be fed at all, particularly lavender, thyme or rosemary they do best in nutrient-poor, drier conditions.

3. If plants are stressed or need a pick-me up.

If plants need a quick pick-me-up due to stress or heavy production of flowers or fruit, feed plant leaves directly. Deadhead old blooms, cut back damaged foliage and then spray water-soluble fertilizer on leaf tops and undersides. The spray delivers nutrients directly to where photosynthesis takes place. Results are dramatic—you’ll see growth or renewal almost overnight.

If plants are looking a bit under the weather, I water with my diluted seaweed solution or even spray the seaweed solution directly onto the leaves and that will often sort them out.

Use any spray bottle or garden sprayer and follow dilution rates given on the fertilizer package. A word of caution about foliar feeding. Don’t do it when temperatures are above 90ºF or when the sun is beating of plants directly. The fertilizer will burn leaves. The best time to foliar feed is in the morning or early evening.

Make Your Own Liquid Fertilizer

Liquid fertilizer can get pricy, depending on the size of your container garden, so consider making your own. Comfrey is the most commonly homemade liquid fertiliser. It’s great for fruiting vegetables because it contains a good dose of potassium. Nettles or borage can be used in the same way for a higher-nitrogen alternative, which is beneficial for leafy vegetables.

You could also make a “Compost Tea” which is a good overall plant health booster (a little like vitamins for people), helps plants be better able to resist pests and diseases. See how to make compost tea.


Just Label It, the DARK Act and the Future of Labeling GM Foods

The genetically engineered salmon has been waiting to be approved for almost 20 years, and the battle whether or not to label genetically modified (GM) food is constant, ever-changing and continues to be addressed from both sides.

For those who want to see food companies “Just Label It,” there’s no turning back and no giving up until there’s full transparency about what’s in our food. So, if the food has been genetically modified in any way, there needs to be a label to tell consumers that the product is GM—a mandatory actual label or symbol clearly stating it is GM, not a voluntary “SmartLabel,” a QR code that can be scanned only by smartphones, suggested by the food industry in place of an actual word label. (Advocates of labeling GM foods call the “Smart” label an acronym for Still Messing Around Rejecting Transparency.)

Whether to actually label a product or just put a QR code on it has been a burning issue in our government recently as well as something called The Safe and Accurate Food Labeling Act, also known as the Deny Americans the Right to Know (DARK) Act by those who want to see GM food labeled.

If the DARK Act is passed, among other things, it would negate all existing GMO labeling laws, including Vermont’s set to go into effect in July, requiring companies to begin labeling their foods that are genetically modified. (Vermont’s not alone other states are pushing to enact GM labeling requirements.) The DARK Act also contains language that would overrun current and pending local GM labeling laws in place and stifle new ones from taking their place. In short, it would take local control over GMOs away from citizens.

Fortunately, it appears that the DARK Act is dead, and the “lame duck” Congress will make it extremely difficult for the Grocery Manufacturers and other biotech companies to pass anything new preventing Vermont from forcing companies to start labeling GM foods. That is a huge victory for the Non-GMO movement, but the fight’s not over. As with the Frankenfish GE salmon that’s been waiting to get approved for human consumption for nearly 20 years—and just did—it’s a relentless battle to be fought at every front over the long haul.


You're not the only one who loves chocolate—your gut bugs do, too! A recent study at Louisiana State University found that gut microbes in our stomach ferment chocolate into heart-healthy, anti-inflammatory compounds that shut down genes linked to insulin resistance and inflammation. What's more, a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that those who consumed drinks with higher percent cocoa solids saw an increase in the beneficial microbes Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli as well as a decrease in undesirable gut microbes called Clostridia. Enhance the effects by pairing chocolate with some apple slices: The fruit speeds up the fermentation process, leading to an even greater reduction in inflammation and weight. To reap the most benefits, pick a chocolate with the highest percentage of cocoa solids.


The use of land for growing food and forestry accounts for around a quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions. That's about the same as from electricity and heating, and substantially more than from all the trains, planes and automobiles on the planet.

When you look more closely at the food sector's environmental impact, you can see that meat and dairy are the major factors. Worldwide, livestock accounts for between 14.5 and 18% of human-induced greenhouse gas emissions.

When it comes to other warming gases, agriculture is one of the leading contributors to both methane and nitrous oxide emissions.

Agriculture is also a significant source of air pollution with ammonia from farms a major cause of fine particulate matter, which the World Health Organization (WHO) says is a threat to health worldwide.

Similarly when it comes to water, agriculture and food productions are one of the biggest threats, consuming 70% of global freshwater sources for irrigation.


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25+ Ways to Feed a Crowd

Like this recipe? Share it with your friends and family.

There are so many different ways to feed a crowd, here are 25+ creative ways to feed a crowd.

What better way to gather with others than around food? Whether you&rsquore the party host or attendee, feeding a crowd can be tough. Let us make it a little easier for you with these ideas on ways to feed a crowd. We&rsquove collected over 25+ fabulous ways to feed a crowd. So, next time you&rsquore having a large get-together, look up this list of helpful recipes and ideas.

*Update to this post: 25+ Ways to Feed a Crowd&hellipDESSERT! Here are 25+ delicious desserts that will make everyone happy!

1. Crock Pot Chicken Baked Tacos | NoBiggie.net

2. Baked Ziti | NoBiggie

3. Ham and Cheese Hawaiian Sliders | NoBiggie.net

4. Sticky Ring and Hash (aka Monkey Bread) | NoBiggie

5. Sandwich Bar for a crowd | She Knows

6. Strawberry Slab Pie | NoBiggie

7. Sparkling Raspberry Sherbet Party Punch | NoBiggie.net

8. Crockpot Hotdogs | A Year of Slow Cooking

9. Grilled Baked Potato Bar | Platings and Pairings

10. Slow Cooker Sloppy Joes | Spend with Pennies

11. Pasta Bar | Creat-Celebrate-Explore

12. Pigs in a Woven Blanket | NoBiggie.net

13. Build Your Own Pizza Bar | Double the Batch

14. No Bake Cheesecake Bar | Wine and Glue

15. Philly Cheese Steak Sloppy Joe Sliders | NoBiggie.net

16. Taco Bar | Building Our Story

17. Super Sliders | NoBiggie.net

18. Sheet Pan Fajitas | NoBiggie

19. DIY Italian Soda Bar | NoBiggie.net

20. Caramel Apple Slab Pie | NoBiggie.net

21. Large Batch Chocolate Chip Cookie Bars | Jamie Cooks It Up

22. Cook Corn on the Cob in a Cooler | Hub Pages

23. Fruit Salad for a crowd | A Southern Soul

24. Pre-scooped Ice Cream | Kara&rsquos Party Ideas

25. Raft as a Cooler | Balancing Beauty & Bedlam

26. Pasta for a Crowd | Cheap and Wise

27. Wedge Salad Bar | Reluctant Entertainer

28. Strawberry Slab Pie | Miss in the Kitchen

29. Sheet Pan Chicken Fajitas | Cooking Classy

30. Pulled Pork Sliders | Tailgate Joe

Which of these ways to feed a crowd is your favorite?

More great recipes to feed a crowd:
&ndash25+ Game Day Foods


Here are 19 yummy ways to use up leftover half-and-half. For each recipe below, I will list the amount of half-and-half you need, the other ingredients required, and how many people it serves. Hopefully it will save you from clicking on a bunch of links to finally find the one recipe you can make without running to the store!

I’m sorry that not every recipe has a photo above it. I got permission to use the pictures you do see, so if you would like to pin a specific recipe, please go straight to the post and pin it from the source. Thank you!

Breakfast

Broccoli and Cheddar Mini Frittatas from A Sprinkle of This and That
3/4 cup
Butter, eggs, salt, pepper, broccoli, and cheddar cheese

Glazed Funfetti Muffins from Cooking Classy
3 Tablespoons
Flour, baking powder, salt, sugar, butter, vegetable oil, eggs, vanilla extract, almond extract, milk, sprinkles, and powdered sugar
Makes 12 muffins

Overnight Crème Brulee French Toast from Carlsbad Cravings
1 1/2 cups
Butter, brown sugar, French bread, eggs, pure maple syrup, vanilla, orange extract, salt, and cinnamon
Serves 6

Drinks

Creamy Hot Cocoa from Allrecipes
1/2 cup
Unsweetened cocoa powder, sugar, salt, milk, and vanilla
Serves 4

Creamy pink lemonade from Bubbly Nature Creations
1 1/2 cups
Fresh lemon juice, sugar, raspberries, and vanilla extract
Makes 2 quarts

Italian Sodas from Like Mother Like Daughter
1 Tablespoon
Flavored syrups, crushed ice, and lemon-lime soda

Tastes Just Like Ice Cream Smoothie from Humble in a Heartbeat
1/2 cup
Milk, sugar, vanilla, banana, ice, and other fruit (optional)
Serves 2-3

Dinner

Bowtie Chicken Alfredo from The Pioneer Woman
1/2 cup
Bowtie pasta, butter, boneless, skinless chicken breasts, salt, pepper, garlic, dry white wine (or chicken broth), heavy cream, parmesan, parsley
Serves 6

Chicken and Dumplings from The Pioneer Woman
1 1/2 cup
Butter, olive oil, flour, whole chicken, salt, pepper, carrots, celery, onion, ground thyme, turmeric, chicken broth, apple cider, heavy cream, yellow cornmeal, baking powder, and fresh parsley
Serves 8

Creamy Chicken and Mushroom Soup from Damn Delicious
1/2 cup
Olive oil, boneless, skinless chicken thighs, salt, pepper, butter, garlic, cremini mushrooms, onion, carrots, celery, dried thyme, flour, chicken stock, bay leaf, parsley, and rosemary
Serves 6

Crockpot Macaroni and Cheese from 365(ish) Days of Pinterest
1 1/2 cups
Elbow macaroni, butter, evaporated milk, sharp Cheddar cheese, Velveeta, ground mustard, salt, and pepper

Make Ahead Mashed Potatoes from No. 2 Pencil
1 cup
Potatoes, butter, salt, white pepper, and cream cheese
Serves 10

Panera Broccoli Cheese Soup from CopyKat Recipes
1 cup
Butter, flour, onion, frozen chopped broccoli, Velveeta or other processed cheese, chicken broth, carrots, cheddar cheese, salt, and pepper
Serves 6

Shrimp and Grits from Allrecipes
2 cups
Coarsely ground grits, salt, uncooked shrimp, salt, cayenne pepper, lemon, andouille sausage, bacon, green bell pepper, red bell pepper, yellow bell pepper, onion, garlic, butter, flour, chicken broth, Worcestershire sauce, and sharp Cheddar cheese
Serves 8

Dessert

Bread Pudding with Praline Sauce from Allrecipes
2 cups
Butter, milk, French bread, eggs, sugar, vanilla extract, cinnamon, raisins, heavy cream, brown sugar, and pecans
Serves 16

Glazed Apple Cookies from Real House Moms
2 1/2 Tablespoons
Shortening, brown sugar, egg, flour, baking soda, salt, cinnamon, ground cloves, nutmeg, apples, raisins, milk, powdered sugar, butter, and vanilla extract

Hot Fudge Sauce from The Café Sucre Farine
1/2 cup
Semi-sweet chocolate, sugar, butter, vanilla extract, and sea salt
Makes 1 cup of sauce

Microwave Caramel Sauce from Crunchy Creamy Sweet
1/4 cup plus 1 teaspoon
Sugar, corn syrup, vanilla extract, and unsalted butter
Makes 1 cup

Traditional Coconut Cream Pie from Fav Family Recipes
1 1/2 cups
Coconut milk, eggs, sugar, corn starch, salt, flaked coconut, coconut extract (or vanilla), pie shell, whipping cream, and powdered sugar
Makes 1 pie

You can also use half-and-half as a substitute for evaporated whole milk.

If you have an unopened carton of half-and-half in your fridge, look at the printed date and it can be used for 7-10 days past that date. Once you open the half-and-half, you should use it within 5-7 days.

I hope you’ve been inspired and can use up your leftover half-and-half to stretch your grocery budget just a little further!

Do you have any great recipes that contain half-and-half?


Watch the video: Коп по Войне. Первые копатели в Калининграде. Первые клады. Шокирующие Истории от Профессора (May 2022).